• Copyright:

    Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of “original works of authorship”, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. It is illegal for anyone to violate any of the rights of the owner of the copyright. A hard copy of “permission to copy” with a signature will be required on all copyrighted material.

    Copyright and Classroom Use (Multiple Copies):

    Copies of a copyrighted work have more potential to harm the market for a given work than a single teacher use or a performance. However, it is important to distinguish between making copies for classroom use and performance. Performance or display of a copyrighted work in a classroom is permitted under 17 USC 110(1). The Guidelines published by the Copyright Office specify permitted situations to make copies for classroom use, and exceptions to these permitted situations. The Guidelines for multiple copies are as follows:

    Multiple copies (not to exceed in any event more than one copy per pupil in a course) may be made by or for the teacher giving the course for classroom use or discussion; provided that:

    1. The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity as defined below; and,
    2. Meets the cumulative effect test as defined below; and,
    3. Each copy includes a notice of copyright

                Please note that we reserve the right to refuse any request for duplication of copyrighted material that is not accompanied by written permission to reproduce from the publisher or owner of the copyright.